Joshua Rubenstein has been professionally involved with human rights and international affairs for over forty years as an activist and independent scholar with particular expertise in Russian affairs. He was on the staff of Amnesty International USA from 1975 to 2012 as the Northeast Regional Director, overseeing Amnesty’s work in New England, New York and New Jersey. Mr. Rubenstein is also a recognized scholar of literature, dissent, and politics in the former Soviet Union. A long-time Associate of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies at Harvard University, he has made many research trips to Moscow and other Russian cities. He is now Associate Director for Major Gifts at Harvard Law School. He is the author of Soviet Dissidents: Their Struggle for Human Rights and Tangled Loyalties: The Life and Times of Ilya Ehrenburg and is co-editor of Stalin’s Secret Pogrom: The Postwar Inquisition of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee and The KGB File of Andrei Sakharov, and co-editor and translator of The Unknown Black Book: the Holocaust in the German-Occupied Soviet Territories. As Scholar-in-Residence at Facing History and Ourselves in Brookline, Massachusetts, he wrote and edited the eBook Shot by Shot: the Holocaust in German-Occupied Soviet Territory. Mr. Rubenstein contributed Leon Trotsky: A Revolutionary’s Life to the Jewish Lives series at Yale University Press. His latest book is The Last Days of Stalin. Mr. Rubenstein has also contributed articles and reviews on Soviet and international affairs to many national publications, including Art News, Commentary, The New Republic, The Wall Street Journal, The Nation, The Columbia Journalism Review, The New York Times, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Review of Books, and The Boston Globe. Mr. Rubenstein studied philosophy and Russian language and literature at Columbia University, where he graduated Phi Beta Kappa. In addition to his Russian language expertise, Mr. Rubenstein speaks and reads French and Hebrew.